Pets Health

How biosecurity can forestall the introduction and unfold of tree pests and ailments

Biosecurity refers to a set of precautions that goal to forestall the introduction and unfold of dangerous organisms. These embrace non-native tree pests, reminiscent of bugs, and disease-causing organisms, known as pathogens, reminiscent of some micro organism and fungi.

Tree pests and ailments may be transported between or inside international locations through quite a few pathways, together with:

  • reside plant and tree merchandise, reminiscent of potted crops
  • timber and wooden packaging supplies (WPM), reminiscent of delivery crates and pallets – discover out extra in case you’re an importer utilizing WPM
  • soiled instruments, package, equipment and automobiles, reminiscent of chainsaws, boots and all-terrain automobiles
  • soil and natural materials, reminiscent of leaf litter
  • pure strategies, reminiscent of wind and water

There was a major improve within the variety of non-native tree pests and ailments being launched to the UK for the reason that early 2000s. This demonstrates the necessity for us all to take motion to offer our timber, woods and forests with higher safety. By implementing applicable biosecurity measures, we are able to considerably cut back the danger of introducing and spreading tree pests and ailments.

This web page will present you find out how to maximise good tree well being via biosecurity.

What you are able to do


Tree pests and ailments can have a major affect on our panorama, however there are some easy steps members of the general public can take to assist restrict their unfold:

  • drive and park your automobile solely on hard-standing surfaces reminiscent of tarmac the place attainable when visiting out of doors areas reminiscent of woodlands, parks or gardens
  • clear mud, natural materials and water off your boots, bikes and buggies – and the canine – earlier than you permit, as a result of fungi, micro organism and bugs can reside in these supplies
  • Don’t danger it!’ – please don’t deliver any plant or tree merchandise again from journeys overseas, as a result of these is likely to be carrying dangerous non-native tree pests or pathogens
  • report any timber that you just suspect are in ill-health to the Forestry Fee, Scottish Forestry and Pure Sources Wales utilizing TreeAlert

Trade professionals

Folks working within the arboriculture, forestry and landscaping industries are thought of a very high-risk group for his or her potential to unfold tree pests and ailments.

The Forestry Fee has labored carefully with the next organisations to develop industry-specific biosecurity steering to scale back their members’ danger of introducing or spreading pests and ailments:

By following the three calls to motion from our {industry} steering (‘Assume package, suppose transport, suppose timber’) alongside the public biosecurity steering above, {industry} professionals can considerably cut back the elevated dangers to tree well being related to these sectors.

‘Assume package’:

  • be certain all tools, together with boots, clothes, ropes and saws, is free from soil and natural materials earlier than getting into and leaving a website
  • repeatedly clear ropes as per the producer’s steering, or use devoted ropes for explicit websites
  • clear and disinfect chainsaws, pruning saws and different reducing instruments as a part of routine upkeep, and earlier than utilizing them on a brand new website

‘Assume transport’:

  • take away any build-up of soil and natural materials on automobiles and equipment, together with cabs, wheels and foot wells, earlier than leaving every website
  • use correct off-site wash-down services repeatedly

‘Assume timber, crops, and supplies’:

  • responsibly supply planting inventory via nurseries or suppliers that adhere to nationwide requirements such because the Plant Well being Administration Customary, or which have their very own biosecurity coverage in place that you just belief
  • supply planting inventory from pest and disease-free areas
  • hold correct, up-to-date information of all purchases and provides to help with tracing workout routines within the occasion of an outbreak
  • repeatedly monitor plant and tree inventory for indicators of ill-health, and report any suspect signs utilizing TreeAlert
  • in case you’re chargeable for importing or shifting crops, verify your plant passport and registration necessities with APHA earlier than doing so
  • supply landscaping supplies from pest-and-disease-free areas solely
  • concentrate on any restrictions in place, or phytosanitary (plant well being) measures and coverings required when importing sure supplies or their packaging
  • specify British-grown crops when sourcing planting inventory, to scale back the danger of an unintentional introduction of invasive non-native pests or ailments

When engaged on a website that’s topic to a Statutory Plant Well being Discover (see beneath), or the place a pest or illness has been confirmed, you could comply with any extra biosecurity steering for that pest or illness along with the measures above.

In case you should take away contaminated or infested materials from such websites for security causes, you could be sure that:

Land house owners and managers

As a land proprietor or supervisor, it’s notably essential that you just implement applicable biosecurity measures to forestall the introduction and unfold of tree pests and ailments. Not solely can these organisms have an effect on the financial worth of your timber, they will even have a wider unfavourable affect on different species and habitats.

By following the biosecurity steering offered above for the general public and {industry} professionals, you may considerably cut back the danger of tree pests and ailments spreading on to your land. If, nevertheless, a tree pest or illness is confirmed on the land you personal or handle, there are some extra measures you must comply with:

Statutory Plant Well being Notices (SPHNs)

If the tree pest or illness discovered on the land you personal or handle is assessed as notifiable, chances are you’ll be issued with an SPHN. The Forestry Fee and different plant well being authorities difficulty these notices requiring the proprietor or supervisor to take sure steps to eradicate or include notifiable pests and ailments.

SPHNs requiring eradication could require measures to kill the contaminated or infested timber, reminiscent of by felling or ring barking. SPHNs ordering containment measures could permit the contaminated or infested timber to stay standing, however require any vulnerable materials to stay on website.

In case you’re issued with an SPHN, you could comply with any directions offered inside the doc. When you have any questions on an SPHN you’ve got been issued, contact the Forestry Fee.

Be aware that receipt of an SPHN doesn’t imply that you just’re in any bother. Nor does it suggest that you’ve got dedicated an offence, or are at fault for the pest or illness being current in your land. Nevertheless, failure to adjust to the necessities of an SPHN can lead to enforcement motion and prosecution.

Non-notifiable pests and ailments

You’re not required to take any motion if the tree pest or illness discovered in your land just isn’t notifiable. We do, nevertheless, advocate that you just take the next measures to make sure folks’s and animals’ security, and to minimise any additional unfold of the pest or illness. You need to:

  • proceed to implement the biosecurity measures within the public and {industry} professionals sections above
  • make any guests conscious of the presence of pests and ailments in your land via info boards, posters at entry factors, and/or by including info and biosecurity steering to your website’s web site, if obtainable
  • monitor the timber’ security because the an infection or infestation progresses, and prune or fell affected timber in the event that they threaten to trigger injury or harm
  • in low-density conditions, reminiscent of in parks or gardens, gradual the unfold of pests and ailments by eradicating and disposing of (by burying, composting or, the place permitted, burning) contaminated timber and their fallen leaves and branches

Biosecurity package

Placing collectively a easy, moveable biosecurity package can assist you implement easy measures day-after-day to assist restrict the introduction and unfold of tree pests and ailments. The next are low-cost and simply obtained gadgets to incorporate in your package:

  • bucket (sufficiently big to suit your boot and some inches of water)
  • boot decide
  • brush
  • disinfectant
  • hand sanitiser
  • water container (or a big re-used water bottle)
  • moveable stress washer (elective, however useful for cleansing bikes or different tools that gained’t slot in a bucket)


The variety of introductions of tree pests and ailments has elevated. It’s subsequently extra essential than ever that all of us find out how we can assist to minimise the danger of additional introductions and unfold via the efficient utility of biosecurity measures.

Our biosecurity e-learning package deal was developed with the Animal and Plant Well being Company, the Arboricultural Affiliation and the British Affiliation for Panorama Industries. It supplies background details about biosecurity points, and clear steering on the best and applicable biosecurity measures for various conditions.

The package deal may be accessed through the Forestry Fee’s e-learning portal. Earlier than you first use it, you’ll be requested to register and create an account. As soon as your account is verified you may enrol for the web programs.

The package deal is split into 5 modules:

  • Module 1: Biosecurity consciousness
  • Module 2: Biosecurity – dispersal pathways
  • Module 3: Biosecurity measures
  • Module 4: Biosecurity – private controls
  • Module 5: Biosecurity – import and export necessities for wooden packaging materials

On the finish of every module is a brief check to determine your understanding of the topic. The go mark for every check is 80 per cent, and there’s an choice to re-take the check if required.

When you have any queries in regards to the e-learning package deal, contact the Forestry Fee.


‘Preserve it Clear’

The Forestry Fee’s ‘Preserve it Clear’ marketing campaign is an easy, memorable name to motion to everybody to include biosecurity measures into their every day routine. You possibly can help the marketing campaign by downloading the media and instruments and utilizing them inside your organisation any approach you may.

You may also present your help on Twitter by utilizing the Forestry Fee’s ‘Preserve it Clear’ Twibbon

Different helpful assets

  • UK Plant Well being Danger Register
    Information the primary threats to the UK’s crops and timber, and supplies prioritised actions to assist us enhance our defences towards them
  • UK Plant Well being Data Portal
    Gives a hub for plant well being info, knowledge and assets
  • Plant Biosecurity Technique
    Gives a high-level overview of the exercise that Defra and the devolved administrations in Scotland and Wales are endeavor to enhance plant biosecurity throughout Nice Britain
  • Tree Well being Administration Plan
    Units out the federal government’s strategy to tree well being in England, which is according to the Plant Biosecurity Technique
  • Tree Well being Resilience Technique
    Units out the UK’s plans to scale back the danger of pest and illness threats, and the way we’ll strengthen the resilience of our timber to resist threats
  • Generic Contingency Plan for Plant and Bee Well being in England
    A working doc describing how Defra and operational companions will put together for, and would reply to, an outbreak of a plant or bee pest or illness in England
  • Countryside Stewardship
    Apply for tree well being grants all 12 months spherical to revive or enhance woodland timber

Contact the Plant Well being Forestry staff for queries about tree well being surveillance, biosecurity, forestry reproductive supplies and the import, export and motion of timber and wooden merchandise

For e-learning enquiries:

Use TreeAlert to report a suspected tree pest or illness to Forest Analysis, Forestry Fee, Scottish Forestry and Pure Sources Wales. Discover out extra about figuring out and reporting suspected tree pest and illness points.

Signal as much as Tree Well being Information for the most recent info on tree and woodland well being.

Signal as much as Plant Well being Information to obtain up-to-date forestry commerce information.

Comply with @ForestryComm on Twitter for updates on forestry grants, rules and tree well being in England.

Autor HM Authorities


Journalist specialized in online marketing as Social Media Manager. I help professionals and companies to become more Internet and online reputation, which allows to give life to the Social Media Strategies defined for the Company, and thus immortalize brands, products and services. I have participated as an exhibitor in various forums nationally and internationally, I am the author of several articles in digital magazines and Blogs.

Related Articles

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Back to top button